When it comes to cancer prevention, it is a common misconception that there is no way to prevent cancer. However, there are in fact a number of different ways to reduce the risk of developing cancer:
1. Avoid Carcinogens
Carcinogens are substances, agents, or elements that have a carcinogenic effect on the cells of the body which results in the formation of abnormal cancerous cells. Some substances are more carcinogenic than others. For example, tobacco is a well-known carcinogen that carries a high risk of causing cancer whereas caffeine falls into a lower risk category. Eliminating carcinogens entirely is just about impossible as they are in the air we breathe, the water we drink, and even exist in radio-frequency radiation that surrounds us. It is recommended to visit the World Health Organisation (WHO) website for a full list of carcinogens (their different classifications) to find out which can be avoided.
A healthy diet that provides all the essential nutrients that the body needs can assist in preventing cancer. Including foods that have antioxidant properties will assist in eliminating free radicals in the body that are responsible for the process of oxidation resulting in cell damage associated with cancer. It is also recommended to follow an organic diet and avoid processed foods. Eating a healthy diet is important to maintaining a healthy weight which can reduce the risk of developing cancer.
3. UV Protection
UV rays have a cumulative damaging effect on skin cells. In other words, UV rays from the sun, artificial lights, computer screens and so on all add up over the years to cause skin and other forms of cancer. Protecting the skin from these UV rays from birth is therefore critical. Wear high factor sunscreen (even indoors) as well as hats and clothing to provide additional protection from harmful UV rays.
Although there is currently no cure for cancer, there are vaccines available to prevent certain forms of cancer. These vaccines are not mandated but, it is recommended for those who fall into high-risk categories to consult a doctor. A high-risk person may be genetically predisposed to cancer or have other risk factors that may contribute to developing cancer.
There is also a range of alternative therapies and treatments available that may or may not assist in cancer prevention. There is often little to no scientific evidence to support the claims that these treatments are beneficial in preventing cancer.